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区分anxiety, worry, concern, care四种焦虑类型

来源:上元教育   【上元教育:专注学习效果的职业教育机构】   2017/9/8 13:22:42

anxiety, worry, concern, care 这些名词均含焦虑、关心之意,如何区分他们呢?

anxiety 指对预料中的不祥之事的焦虑。如:

People who are driven by guilt, resentment and anxiety

受悔恨、愤怒、焦虑等情感驱使的人们

My sister puzzles me and causes me anxiety.

我妹妹总让我捉摸不透,弄得我焦虑不安。

The anxiety that had nagged Amy all through lunch

整个午餐期间一直折磨着埃米的焦虑心情

worry :侧重对未知事态演变的忧虑。如:

 Don't worry, your luggage will come on afterwards by taxi.

别担心,你的行李随后会由出租车送过来。

Analysts worry that more cities could be forced to limit the growth of automobiles due to worsening *r pollution.

分析师担心,更多城市会由于日益严重的空气污染而限制汽车数量的增长。

I worry about her constantly.

我无时无刻不为她担心。

concern 关心用时,是indifference(冷漠)的反义词。侧重对他人健康、安全等的关心,也可暗示对困难、危险或失败等的忧虑。如:

The growing number of people seeking refuge in Th*land is beginning to concernWestern *d agencies.

到泰国寻求庇护的人日益增多,这开始引起了西方援助机构的不安。

When CEOs tell me that their No. 1 concern is uncert*nty, as a great many do, my first reaction is skepticism.

CEO们对我说,他们关心的头等大事是不确定性时,和许多人一样,我的第一反应是怀疑。

A story that illustrates how dangerous excessive concern with safety can be.

一个说明过分关心安全问题会招致何等麻烦的故事。

care 强调因出于责任感或顾虑等而产生的不安。如:

There was no one else to take care of their children.

没有别人可以照料他们的孩子。

You have to learn to take care of your possessions.

你得学会保管好自己的财物。

Young men who did not care whether they lived or died

不在乎死活的年轻人

 

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